Type 1 Diabetes

A disease in which the body does not produce insulin, and it must be taken to survive. Not caused by lifestyle.

Type 2 Diabetes

Occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or insulin is not used efficiently. Also comes from years of high insulin levels in the body causing insulin resistance and subsequent Diabetes. Affected by lifestyle.

  • Occurs mainly in adults over 30 years of age.
  • Gradual onset and slow progression of symptoms; many people have diabetes for 5-10 years before the are diagnosed, because they notice no symptoms. Generally, these individuals already have complications when they are diagnosed.
  • Fatigue is a common symptom.
  • Initially, one does not need insulin to survive, but approximately 50 percent of people with diabetes will eventually require insulin.

Pre-Diabetes or Insulin Resistance

The body has elevated blod sugars for 4-5 years before becoming diabetic. Currently it is a fasting blog sugar reading > 110, but the American Diabetes Association is considering lowering it to fasting blood sugar > 100.

Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes include:

  • Family history of Diabetes
  • More than 20 percent over ideal body weight
  • Race (American Indian, Hispanic, or African American)
  • Over 30 years age
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Women with a history of gestational diabetes or those who delivered a baby > 9 pounds
  • Physical inactivity
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome:

  • This affects 70 million Americans significantly increases your risk of heart disease and heart attacks, and needs aggressive lifestyle modifications.
  • The four principle components of the syndrome are obesity, diabetes or insulin resistance, elevated cholesterol levels, and high blood pressure.
  • It is diagnosed by fasting triglyceride levels greater than 200, fasting HDL cholesterol less than 35, blood pressure greater than 145/90, being overweight by 15 percent or more, and fasting blood sugar level greater than 110 mg/dl or greater than 140 two hours after drinking a glucose solution.
  • Fight Metabolic Syndrome by eating mono- and polyunsaturated fats, eating controlled portion sizes, exercising, losing weight, and taking the medications you are prescribed.

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